• Available in: CoxPH

  • Hyperparameter: no


In a CoxPH model, stratification is useful as a diagnostic for checking the proportional hazards assumption, as it allows for as many different hazard functions as there are strata. For example, when attempting to predict X, you can include a secondary categorical predictor, Z, that can be adjusted for when making inferences about X’s relationship to the time-to-event endpoint.

Use the `stratify_by parameter to specify a list of columns to use for stratification when building a CoxPH model.



# import the heart dataset
heart <- h2o.importFile("")

# set the predictor and response column
x <- "age"
y <- "event"

# set the start and stop columns
start <- "start"
stop <- "stop"

# convert the age column to a factor
heart["age"] <- as.factor(heart["age"])

# train your model
heart_coxph <- h2o.coxph(x = c("year", x),
                         event_column = y,
                         start_column = start,
                         stop_column = stop,
                         stratify_by = x,
                         training_frame = heart)

# view the model details
Model Details:

H2OCoxPHModel: coxph
Model ID:  CoxPH_model_R_1570209287520_5
Surv(start, stop, event) ~ year + strata(age)

        coef    exp(coef) se(coef)  z      p
year    4.734   113.717   8973.421  0.001  1

Likelihood ratio test = 1.39  on 1 df, p = 0.239
n = 172, number of events = 75